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Fonts, Cursors & Icons

This chapter will explain how to configure fonts, cursors and icons independently of any desktop environment (DE). For DEs that already offer configuration options but don't cover all use cases (e.g. not covering Qt or GTK applications respectively), you may use parts of the following instructions to fill the gaps where necessary.

WARNING: Some parts in this chapter specify settings for xsettingsd. It is not advised to use xsettingsd on desktop environments that already provide a XSETTINGS interface to prevent conflicts. This includes all major ones, such as GNOME, KDE, Xfce, MATE, Budgie. See the corresponding section for more details.

Font Configuration

The following files affect the font rendering settings (hinting, DPI):

See the fontconfig setup example in the appendix for an example about the above settings.


The following files affect the font choice (font name, size):

  • [Qt5] settings of qt5ct stored in ~/.config/qt5ct/qt5ct.conf
  • [GTK] the Gtk/FontName setting of the xsettingsd configuration
  • [GTK] gtk-font-name in ~/.gtkrc-2.0 and ~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini
    • (settings in ~/.gtkrc-2.0 and ~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini are overruled by Gtk/FontName if using xsettingsd)

It is essential to keep these settings in sync to get the best results. For an example of font rendering settings, see below.

Cursor theme configuration

The following files affect the cursor size and theme settings:

  • the Xcursor.* entries in ~/.Xdefaults, ~/.Xresources + anything loaded with xrdb -merge
  • the Gtk/CursorTheme* settings of the xsettingsd configuration
  • gtk-cursor-theme-size and gtk-cursor-theme-name in ~/.gtkrc-2.0 and ~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini
    • (settings in ~/.gtkrc-2.0 and ~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini are overruled by xsettingsd)

As with the font configuration it is essential to keep these settings in sync.

Example cursor settings

The following settings show proper settings in sync with each other.

Entries in ~/.Xdefaults or ~/.Xresources

NOTE: Changing cursor settings here requires a restart of your desktop session.

Xcursor.size: 32
Xcursor.theme: Breeze

xsettingsd

Gtk/CursorThemeSize 32
Gtk/CursorThemeName "Breeze"

Icon themes

Not much to say here. Use xsettingsd (applying to GTK) and qt5ct (applying to Qt5) to set icon themes if your environment doesn't provide any means to do so.

User-specific icon themes should be put into ~/.local/share/icons/ rather than ~/.icons/ for better compatibility with KDE and Qt.

Chaining icon themes together

Using the Inherits flag in an icon theme's index.theme file, you can specify other icon themes as a fallback in order of decreasing priority. If an icon is not part of the icon theme, it will try to retrieve it from the themes specified in Inherits, choosing the first theme that provides the icon. For example, the index.theme file of the Papirus icon theme reads the following:

[Icon Theme]
Name=Papirus
Comment=Papirus icon theme
Inherits=breeze,hicolor
...

This means that any requested icon not found in Papirus itself, will lead to a lookup of the icon in the Breeze icon theme and so on. Using this technique you can mix and match icon themes or override parts of it when done right.

Changing icons of single applications

NOTE: There are limitations to this method. Only application starters like start menus, rofi or similar tools will pick up this change. It will often not reflect on panel taskbars or window titlebars, see this FAQ entry.

You can change icons for specific applications by overriding the Icon= entry in the application's .desktop file. The name you enter there will then be looked up in the currently configured icon theme.

Usually, those files reside in /usr/share/applications/ but it is best to create a local copy in ~/.local/share/applications:

cp /usr/share/applications/<name>.desktop ~/.local/share/applications/<name>.desktop

GUI tools like menulibre or kmenuedit can also do that for you when you modify an existing application and will create local copies in ~/.local/share/applications/ as well.

Any .desktop file in ~/.local/share/applications/ that has an exactly matching name to one in /usr/share/applications/ will override the latter completely for most desktop components, like runners, start menus and taskbars.